Get Rich - Stay Rich - Investing for Monthly Income

Posts Tagged ‘option income trading’

Understanding Option Exercise and Assignment

Exercise and Assignment

When a stock option is exercised, the call holder buys the stock, and the put holder sells the stock. When options are exercised, the OCC decides to which brokerage firm the exercise will be assigned, and the brokerage in turn decides which customer will get the assignment. When we are assigned an exercise and are required to sell our shares, the shares sold are said to have been called out or called away. Assignment occurs, then the shares are called out. Assignment on a short puts means purchasing the stock.

Assignment is completely random, and an exercise can be assigned to and appointed among several different call writers. Once assignment by OCC occurs, settlement between the buying and selling parties is automatic. Shares must be physically delivered once exercise occurs. The covered call writer doesn’t have to do anything; the call writer’s broker handles settlement, delivers the shares and collects the exercise funds. Option exercise or assignment can be partial: one can exercise less than all options held. Conversely, you may be assigned on less than all of your short calls or puts. However, one cannot exercise or be assigned on part of a single option contract. If you buy a call (put), you are not required to buy (sell) the underlying stock: you may sell the option to close or allow it to expire worthless.

Automatic Exercise

The OCC automatically exercises options that are $0.01 or more ITM, unless the option holder has notified their broker not to allow exercise of the option. Note that a stock’s price can tick up or down after the close on expiration Friday, resulting in calls or puts (but not both calls and puts) that were near the money at Friday’s close becoming in the money – and being exercised.

If you are long calls on expiration Friday, you could find yourself purchasing shares unexpectedly, due to a late-day or after market tick up in the stock. Or if instead long the puts, then, you might find yourself selling shares unexpectedly: and if you don’t own the underlying shares, this would either create a short stock position in your account, or your broker would buy you in (purchase the shares on your behalf) in order to cover itself. Be sure your broker knows your intention if you are long options at expiration and have nor closed them. Writers of short calls and puts can similarly find themselves assigned an exercise due to the same mechanism.

Early Exercise

Because stock options are American-style, you can be assigned as exercise any time an option is in the money, although options typically are not exercised early while there is still time value remaining. The reason is that the exercise of an option forfeits its time value; to capture the time value it is necessary to flip (sell) the option. But as expiration draws near, options that are in the money sometimes trade at parity, and this is when early exercise occurs. Options trading below parity practically beg arbitrageurs to exercise them for risk-less profit.

Where Stock Options Go

Option traders say that only 10% of options are exercised, which is generally true but not in all cases. Thus if you write a call, the odds against assignment are roughly 9:1, statistically speaking. But if a call is written ITM, the odds are quite high it will be exercised, despite the overall 9:1 odds. No matter where written originally, if the calls are in the money $0.01 or more at expiration, exercise is a virtual certainty. ATM and OTM options are never exercised, since it is cheaper to buy or sell stock in the open market than to exercise an option.

You have probably heard option seller’s state they are right 90% of the trades. This is due to only 10% or so being assigned. There is more to this story as we continue this journey.

***********************************************************************************************************************************

Get the book on Amazon – Passive Income Monthly Plan: Create 60 Paychecks in 90 DaysLearn to create 60 paychecks per month in passive income. It’s simple – get started with $5 to build unlimited income. One of the truly passive income opportunities for monthly income – month after month!

Join the Monthly Income Newsletter voted the best value for option income trading

Try Robin Hood to get FREE stocks 

Create a Passive Income Machine for Endless Income

Factors Affecting Option Prices

While there are many factors that determine option prices, stock option premiums move in unison with the underlying stock price.  The most popular method for determining option value is the Black-Scholes Model.  There are six factors in this model:

  1. Stock price is the most important factor in an options price as changes in stock price affect the price of options on the stock;
  2. Strike price has an affect on option price through intrinsic value, time value, delta and other factors;
  3. Time to expiration is the time remaining before an option expires.  Due to time decay, option values can decrease at a faster rate when the option is closer to expiration;
  4. Stock volatility is the standard deviation of a stocks price variations over a fixed period of time.  The more volatile the stock, the more likely its price will move and the option price will increase with high volatility;
  5. Interest rates have little affect on option prices but they are part of the Black-Scholes model;
  6. Stock dividends also have little affect on option prices since they are already included in the stocks price by market forces.

There are other forces that can affect the price of options that are not included in the Black-Sholes model such as:

    • Supply and demand for the stock
    • Liquidity or volume of the option
    • Markets expectation of future events such as earnings, etc.
    • Markets expectation of future price direction of the stock

I have created an investment that achieves higher monthly returns while managing stock risks in the trade. You may be skeptical of this concept and should be when you hear something like this introduced into your trading plan. To explain, let’s look at what must happen to a stock price for a successful PUT selling trade. To keep the premium from the PUT sell, the stock price must be above the PUT option strike price at expiration. To increase my percent of winning PUT trades, I invest in stocks with price momentum moving higher. This increases the probability of the stock price closing above the strike price – giving us more winning trades.

How do I identify these winning trades? I combine the fundamentals of a stock with its price performance on its stock chart. I find securities that have a positive change in price that creates upward price momentum. You may have heard about price breakouts and other upward biased chart patterns. This introduces a concept of technical analysis into our trading plan.

Technical analysis uses stock price movements and trading activity as the basis for drawing a conclusion about where the price may be headed. It is based on the premise that prices move in trends that tend to continue until something changes to affect the balance of supply and demand for the stock. These changes can be detected by analyzing prior changes, looking for recurring patterns that indicate a price trend, or indicate areas of support and resistance that may influence the price direction.

We continue to identify winning option trades to generate income and to exit early as the stock bullish patterns moves prices higher.

Follow us on Twitter – @GetRichStayRich

Join the Monthly Income Newsletter voted the best value for option income trading.

You Can Help End Poverty

How We Made 100% in a Month

In our income newsletter, we focus on creating monthly income by selling options to collect premium. we like to focus on high quality stocks with stable earnings and price movements. To boost our income, we will add a few trades with technical analysis confirmation when we see an opportunity in a high return trade. This has created several winners in the past month. We made 12% in a 40 day trade which equates to over 100% on an annual basis.

We published our blog post on CF Industries (CF) on July 10. This stock had formed a diamond bottom pattern (Bullish), providing a target stock price for the short-term above $30 per share. The trade was:

CF is currently trading at $27.89 per share. We want to sell a cash-secured put option on CF using the August 2017 30 Call. For each 100 shares of CF you want to control, sell one August 30 PUT option for a $3.00 credit or better. That’s potentially a 12.0% assigned return in 40 days.

Since the trade was shared with Monthly Income subscribers, CF is trading at $30.50 –rising above the $30 price target. The stock maintained its stock price even with the recent market pullback due to the Korean Crisis. These trades allow investors to compound their money to continue to grow their income.

We continue to produce monthly income through covered call and cash-secured PUT trades. We don’t find gems like this one every day, but they make for a successful investing and wealth creation. Using these strategies, investors can easily add $1000s of income each month. For some, they have built an income large enough to live life on their terms. When your monthly income exceeds your living expenses, you have achieved financial independence.

Join the Monthly Income Newsletter voted the best value for option income trading.

Follow us on Twitter – @GetRichStayRich

Get FREE Stock

Get FREE Stock - No Trade Commissions

Subscribe for FREE Trades

Subscribe for FREE Trades

* indicates required
/ ( mm / dd )
Archives
PopAds