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Option Basics – Option Premium

The premium is the price paid or received for an option.  Options are traded much like stocks with the bid and ask prices as shown:

  • Seller receives the bid price;
  • Buyer receives the ask price;
  • The marker marker keeps the spread between bid and ask prices.

The premium refers to the total amount received for selling the option contract not the option price.  The premium means the option’s contract price on a per share basis.  For example, if the option contract price is shown as $1.25, this means you receive $1.25 per share or $125.00 per contract ($1.25 * 100 shares).  

The premium can be intrinsic and time value.  Intrinsic value is the portion of premium that is in-the-money.   Time value is the portion of premium that is not in-the-money which is also known as “extrinsic value.”  Time value is the amount upon which the return is calculated in covered call writing.  The equation is:

Total Premium = Intrinsic Value + Time Value

Calculating time value and intrinsic value is simple.  You calculate the intrinsic value portion of the option premium, then the remainder is time value.  The entire premium of an ATM or OTM call option will to 100% time value.  The real value of option premium for sellers is the time value portion of premium.  The profit in covered call returns lies solely in time value.  

Parity simply means that the option is trading at intrinsic value which occurs to ITM options.  Options seldom trade at a few pennies below parity.  ITM options then to trade at parity when they are close to expiration or there is no expected volatility in the underlying stock.

Time decay means that the time value portion of the option premium will decay or shrink as time runs out.  The intrinsic value never decays due to the passing of time.  Time decay increases as the option nears expiration as time decay accelerates in the last 30 days of the options life.  people who write covered calls in the current expiration month are seeking income from time decay.  Remember, time value is on the side of the option seller not the buyer as time destroys the option premium of the buyers investment.

Theta is the expected change in an option premium for a single day’s passage of time.  If all other factors are the same, then option premium will be lower the next trading day by the theta value of the option.  Theta expresses time decay as an options time value.

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You Can Help End Poverty

 

Are You a Penta Millionaire Yet?

In a recent article published in Barron’s, “Penta Millionaires: the New Rising Class” it discusses families with net worth over $5 million as a fast growing class in America. While this is correct about the changing of wealth, it still separates the wealthy from the other classes. While we all strive to attain our definition of success, the media continues to focus on the upper class. Let me share a secret with you, you can still have a productive and fun-loving life without being in the top income bracket. This is why we write a monthly income newsletter – to help those wanting to better their life and create a sustainable monthly income.

Here are some excerpts from the Barron’s article:

It is fair to say that at no time in history have so many Americans become so rich—or amassed their wealth so quickly. When John D. Rockefeller took title as the country’s first billionaire, in 1916, it was as rare an event as sighting a white whale, and seven decades later, the number of billionaires had still only reached 44. Since then, however, the ranks of the megarich have surged ahead with a caffeinated velocity.

At every level of the wealth pyramid, according to Penta’s research partner Boston Consulting Group, the ranks of millionaire and multimillionaire households have expanded. Last year, for example, there were 492 U.S. billionaires, meaning that 100 new billionaires were created in the past five years alone. But the most interesting trend is a little further down the pyramid: The number of households with more than $5 million in investible assets just crossed the one million mark, up 5% from 2014.

Flash forward to recent times. The rank-and-file rich have grown by just 5% a year recently, but this steady if modest climb over seven years has actually delivered better results. We now have a million-strong army of very rich emerging from the ho-hum, low-inflation economic growth that has been coupled with robust capital markets. Many have, in this calm environment, quietly sold off their private business or cashed in their stock-option windfalls.

At Get Rich Investments, we focus on creating stream of income to improve life and become financially independent. Once you learn how to create monthly income, you now control your own destiny. We have several investing strategies focused on low risk trade such as covered calls, selling cash-secured puts, buying monthly dividend CEFs and collecting divide3nds from world-class stocks. This is the way to increase your wealth on a monthly basis.

One strategy is the Put Call Dividend (PCD) Strategy where we sell puts for income to enter a position, then sell covered calls for income while collecting dividends. This creates three income streams from a single investing position. This positions the investor in a low risk position as you can continue to create option income each month by selling puts and calls on the same stock. If the market goes up – you make income. Same for when a stock pulls back – keep selling options for income. It is like collecting rent on a rental property each month – without the hassles of a tenant.

I can’t promise you will be a Penta Millionaire, but you will definitely create more income and move toward becoming financially independent.

Learn more about getting started on your wealth journey today.

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