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Posts Tagged ‘option premium’

Option Basics – Option Premium

The premium is the price paid or received for an option.  Options are traded much like stocks with the bid and ask prices as shown:

  • Seller receives the bid price;
  • Buyer receives the ask price;
  • The marker marker keeps the spread between bid and ask prices.

The premium refers to the total amount received for selling the option contract not the option price.  The premium means the option’s contract price on a per share basis.  For example, if the option contract price is shown as $1.25, this means you receive $1.25 per share or $125.00 per contract ($1.25 * 100 shares).  

The premium can be intrinsic and time value.  Intrinsic value is the portion of premium that is in-the-money.   Time value is the portion of premium that is not in-the-money which is also known as “extrinsic value.”  Time value is the amount upon which the return is calculated in covered call writing.  The equation is:

Total Premium = Intrinsic Value + Time Value

Calculating time value and intrinsic value is simple.  You calculate the intrinsic value portion of the option premium, then the remainder is time value.  The entire premium of an ATM or OTM call option will to 100% time value.  The real value of option premium for sellers is the time value portion of premium.  The profit in covered call returns lies solely in time value.  

Parity simply means that the option is trading at intrinsic value which occurs to ITM options.  Options seldom trade at a few pennies below parity.  ITM options then to trade at parity when they are close to expiration or there is no expected volatility in the underlying stock.

Time decay means that the time value portion of the option premium will decay or shrink as time runs out.  The intrinsic value never decays due to the passing of time.  Time decay increases as the option nears expiration as time decay accelerates in the last 30 days of the options life.  people who write covered calls in the current expiration month are seeking income from time decay.  Remember, time value is on the side of the option seller not the buyer as time destroys the option premium of the buyers investment.

Theta is the expected change in an option premium for a single day’s passage of time.  If all other factors are the same, then option premium will be lower the next trading day by the theta value of the option.  Theta expresses time decay as an options time value.

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You Can Help End Poverty

 

Income Trade for 70% Return

As income investors, we seek to create consistent monthly income by selling options to collect monthly premiums. This has been successful for our investors for years. Option selling offers another method to diversify investing strategies beyond traditional dividend investing. We have combined technical stock events with our strategy to identify high returns option selling opportunities. This income trade will generate a return of more than 70% annualized.

Stock: Teck Resources Ltd is engaged in the business of exploring for, acquiring, developing and producing natural resources. The Company’s activities are organized into business units that are focused on steelmaking coal, copper, zinc and energy. It operates in five segments: steelmaking coal, copper, zinc, energy and corporate. The corporate segment includes all of its activities in commodities other than copper, coal, zinc and energy.

The RSI is above its neutrality area at 50. The MACD is negative and above its signal line. The MACD must break above its zero level to trigger further gains. Moreover, the stock is above its 20 and 50 day MA (respectively at 21.51 and 21.89).

Chart: We have detected a “Double Bottom” chart pattern formed on Teck Resources Ltd (TECK). This bullish signal indicates that the price may rise from the close of 22.42 to the range of 23.90 – 24.30. The pattern formed over 18 days which is roughly the period of time in which the target price range may be achieved. Teck Resources Ltd has a current support price of 21.22 and a resistance level of 22.93.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strategy: We have an opportunity to sell options for income with TECK as the stock should trade higher in the coming weeks. I recommend to place your trade and exit when you have locked in profits due to the stock price moving higher. Our goal here is to make income short term so we can exit and compound capital into another trade.

We are selling PUTs to take advantage of the stock price move to the upside. For conservative traders, you can create a covered call trade using the call for downside protection.  Before you can become a millionaire, you have to start thinking like one.  It isn’t just a pathway to wealth.  It’s a way of life… a belief system… a mindset – and it will show you how to build a full, rewarding life.

Join our Monthly Income Newsletter to get this trade and many other income trades.

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Join the Monthly Income Newsletter voted the best value for option income trading.

You Can Help End Poverty

Income Trade Opportunity in Nexstar Media

We have a new option trade for monthly income to share with subscribers. I have decided to take early profits on the CF trade as it moved above my $30 target price today for a great income in only 10 days. I will take early profits so I can continue to compound my capital be entering new trades.

As income investors, we seek to create consistent monthly income by selling options to collect monthly premiums. This has been successful for our investors for years. Option selling offers another method to diversify investing strategies beyond traditional dividend investing. We have combined technical stock events with our strategy to identify high returns option selling opportunities. This income trade will generate a return of 5.8% using the forward month options.

Stock: Nexstar Media Group, Inc. (NXST) operates as a television broadcasting and digital media company in the United States. It focuses on the acquisition, development, and operation of television stations and interactive community Websites in medium-sized markets. The company will report earnings on August 8.

A “Symmetrical Continuation Triangle (Bullish)” chart pattern formed on Nexstar Media Group Inc (NXST). This bullish signal indicates that the price may rise from the close of 61.75 to the range of 73.00 – 76.00. The pattern formed over 55 days which is roughly the period of time in which the target price range may be achieved.

A Symmetrical Continuation Triangle (Bullish) is considered a bullish signal, indicating that the current uptrend may continue. The formation occurs because prices are reaching both lower highs and higher lows. The technical event occurs when the price breaks out of the triangle formation to close above the upper (descending) trendline, thereby confirming the pattern.

The RSI is above 50. The PMO is above its signal line and positive. The PMO is breaking above its zero level to indicate further upside. Moreover, the stock is above its 20 and 50 day MA (respectively at 60.04 and 59.91).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strategy: We want to sell a covered call on NXST using the August 2017 65 Call. For each 100 shares of NXST stock you buy, sell one August 65 covered call option for a $61.45 ($63.25 – $1.80) debit or better. That’s potentially a 5.8% assigned return with a 3.0% downside protection. If you want more downside protection, you can purchase an August 60 PUT for less than $0.25 per option.

For PUT writers wanting to lower their cost of entering this position. You can sell a August 65 PUT option for $3.70. That’s a potential return of return of 6.0%.

Investors should consider taking profits early as the stock price moves higher toward the $65 option strike price and exit if there is a pull back below support levels. You can use the PCD strategy if you want to use this stock for Monthly Income.

This is a higher risk trade than we normally place in the Monthly Income Report. However, this is a nice setup with a positive merger announcement, positive technical confirmation and increased premium from selling options for income.

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How to be a Multimillionaire

Grace Groner started her career as a secretary at Abbott Laboratories more than 80 years ago. Four years into her job, she purchased three shares of our company stock for just under $200. She held on to those three shares until she died, in 2010.

Those three shares alone made her a multimillionaire. She could thank the company dividend — and the miracle of compounding — for her $7 million fortune.

Grace wasn’t abnormally lucky. Any investor who bought $1,000 worth of high-dividend-paying stock 75 years ago would have about $3 million today.

Are you ready to start your million dollar journey?

You can learn how to compound your money even faster than Grace. To do this, you need consistent returns to increase your dollars being compounded. Secondly, you need monthly income to accelerate the compounding effect. Lastly, you need an investment plan to achieve your goals.

Our monthly income subscribers are well on their way to financial independence. Here is the monthly returns from selling outs:

July:                 3.1%

August:            1.5%

October:          1.6%

November:      2.7%

These returns result in a 4 month return of 9.2% when compounded and near 30% when compounded annually!

Join the Monthly Income Plan today.

Perpetual Covered Call Year End Results

For the year 2012, we had some impressive investment returns.  The Monthly Income Perpetual Covered Call Portfolio easily surpassed both the S&P 500 and PowerShares S&P 500 BuyWrite Portfolio (PBP).  The table below displays the investment returns for each of the Perpetual Covered Call positions.  The average monthly return was 6.2%!  We had exceptional returns on HFC, CVS and JCI (see table).

Get Rich Investments - Perpetual Covered Call Trades

Click to enlarge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In January, we kicked off the perpetual covered call strategy. We have started adding new perpetual covered call trades each month to keep the trades fresh with market conditions and opportunities.  For those who are new to this concept, let me share the rationale of this income investment. This strategy was created to produce monthly income with stock dividends and covered call premium.  In addition, there is a protective, blanket put, to ensure the volatility in the market does not affect your return of capital.

The Biggest Mistake New Call Writers Make

Covered call trading is not like directional trading which has an objective to time the movement of a stock in the direction it is moving.  Covered writing is a game of regular, incremental returns.  The covered call writer’s objective is to collect the option premium for income without taking any damage to the downside of owning the stock.  The secret to success for the call writer is to make smaller, more consistent returns compared to a advanced option trader who makes many bets waiting for a 50% – 100% winner.  The biggest mistake by new call writers is writing a stock solely to capture the fattest time value premiums.

To improve the chances of being successful, the call writer should focus on stock selection.  The covered call trader should focus on 3% monthly returns.  However, a 15% drawdown on a trade will require 5 months of 3% returns to recoup the loss and get back to even.  This is why the Monthly Income Plan focuses on 5 star stocks signaling high quality stocks.

Why avoid the fattest premiums for a measly 3% monthly return?  The short answer is that high premiums often signal high risk, and writing calls on these options without regard to stock quality will eventually decimate your trading account.  There are two reasons that value premium becomes high enough to offer big returns:

1)   The stock is volatile and implied volatility is in line with the stock, or

2)   Implied volatility (IV) is significantly higher than actual volatility.

Simply, the higher the rate of return, the higher either actual or implied volatility (or both) must be on the options.  If two stocks had volatility of 60% we would expect the option premiums to be roughly comparable.  What if one stock had an IV of 25%?  This indicates a market expectation of less volatility in the future but it also means the investor is not getting paid for the 60% volatility risk he is taking on.  If the other stock had IV of 80% then the investor must determine what is causing the IV to be higher than the 60% actual volatility.  This usually indicates that the market is expecting some new event on the stocks such as news, announcement, earning or more.

If the IV is in line with the stock volatility, then the options are priced fairly so the decision comes down to – do you want to invest in the stock.  The rule is to AVOID stocks with spiking IV and look for a different trade.  To be conservative, look to write calls on stocks with a volatility of 40% or less.  If you are experienced and seek more income, look for stocks with volatility between 40% and 60%.  Anything above 60% I would consider high risk so proceed with caution.  You should at least look at the volatility of the stock before you invest to know what the risk of the trade may be over the coming option period.

The Best Method for Call Writing

Most experts in the stock market will generally say, “the writer of an options is foregoing any increase in stock price that exceed the strike price for the premium received when selling calls.  The option writer continues to bear the risk of a sharp decline in the price of the stock. The cash premium will only offset this loss.”  Do you buy into this way of thinking?  This is not correct based on how I trade covered calls.

With my method, you no longer care about the price of the stock that you purchased.  When the stock does go down, we would buy back the option at an inexpensive cost and immediately write a new option.  For example, we received a premium of $3.00 and close it at $0.25 when the stock price drops.  If the stock price went down $5.00, we would write a new call at at a $5 lower strike price.  This may net an addition premium of $3.00 so when you add the premiums minus the buy back of the first option we have $5.75 while the stock only dropped $5.00.  The second premium helped to offset the loss from the strike price.

When the stock does not reach the strike price, let the option expire, keep the premium, and write a new cal at the same strike price.  When the stock price goes above the call strike price, buy back the call option and write a new option at a higher strike price to reflect the gain in the stock. the second premium will help defray the cost of the buyback while you have a gain in the stock price.

For the buyer, options are a wasting asset as time decay erodes value.  The time value portion of a option is always zero at expiration.  Selling the time value repeatedly on the same stock makes option income work for you.

With my trading method, you will not be waiting on the stock price to go up to make money.  You will make money on the wasting time value of options you have sold.  this will change your investing philosophy about the stock market.

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